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  7. Understanding the Fiduciary Duties...


As a director of a limited company, you hold a significant position of responsibility and trust.

Central to this role is the concept of fiduciary duties—obligations that ensure directors act in the best interests of the company and its stakeholders.

Understanding these duties is crucial for maintaining the integrity and success of your business.

This article delves into the fiduciary duties of directors, providing a comprehensive guide to help you navigate your responsibilities effectively.

Fiduciary Duties of Directors

What Are Fiduciary Duties?

Fiduciary duties are legal obligations imposed on directors to act in the best interest of the company and its shareholders.

These duties ensure that directors make decisions that benefit the company and not their personal interests.

In the UK, these duties are outlined in the Companies Act 2006 and encompass various aspects of a director’s conduct and decision-making processes.

The 7 Fiduciary Duties of Directors

Key Fiduciary Duties of Directors

1. Duty to Act Within Powers

Directors must act in accordance with the company’s constitution and exercise their powers only for the purposes for which they were conferred.

This includes adhering to the articles of association and ensuring that any decisions made are within the scope of their authority.

2. Duty to Promote the Success of the Company

Directors are required to act in a way they consider, in good faith, would promote the success of the company for the benefit of its members as a whole.

This includes considering long-term consequences, the interests of employees, the need to foster business relationships, and the impact of the company’s operations on the community and the environment.

3. Duty to Exercise Independent Judgment

Directors must exercise their own independent judgment and not simply follow instructions from others unless it is consistent with their fiduciary duties and the company’s constitution.

4. Duty to Exercise Reasonable Care, Skill, and Diligence

Directors must perform their roles with the care, skill, and diligence that would be expected from a reasonably diligent person with both the general knowledge, skill, and experience that they possess and that which may reasonably be expected of a person carrying out the same functions.

5. Duty to Avoid Conflicts of Interest

Directors must avoid situations where their personal interests conflict, or could potentially conflict, with the interests of the company.

This includes not exploiting any property, information, or opportunity for personal gain.

6. Duty Not to Accept Benefits from Third Parties

Directors must not accept benefits from third parties conferred by reason of their being a director or doing (or not doing) anything as a director.

This duty is to prevent any potential influence on their decisions or actions as a director.

7. Duty to Declare Interest in Proposed Transaction or Arrangement

Directors are required to declare any interest, direct or indirect, in a proposed transaction or arrangement with the company.

This ensures transparency and allows the board to make informed decisions.

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Consequences of Breaching Fiduciary Duties

  1. Legal Action: The company or its shareholders may take legal action against the director for any losses incurred due to the breach.
  2. Disqualification: Directors found in breach of their duties may be disqualified from holding directorships in the future.
  3. Reputational Damage: Personal and professional reputations can be severely damaged, affecting future career prospects and business relationships.
  4. Financial Penalties: Courts may impose financial penalties or require directors to repay any benefits received from the breach.

Practical Steps to Comply with Fiduciary Duties

To ensure compliance with fiduciary duties, directors should consider the following practical steps:

  1. Stay Informed: Keep up-to-date with changes in legislation and best practices related to corporate governance.
  2. Maintain Transparency: Ensure all decisions are documented and communicated clearly with the board and stakeholders.
  3. Seek Advice: When in doubt, seek legal or professional advice to ensure decisions align with fiduciary duties.
  4. Regular Training: Participate in ongoing training to enhance your understanding of directors’ responsibilities and governance issues.
  5. Conflict of Interest Policy: Implement and adhere to a robust conflict of interest policy to manage potential conflicts effectively.


Understanding and adhering to fiduciary duties is fundamental for any director aiming to lead a company responsibly and ethically.

These duties are designed to protect the company and its stakeholders, fostering a culture of trust and integrity. By staying informed and proactive, directors can navigate their responsibilities effectively, ensuring the long-term success and sustainability of their business.

For directors facing financial uncertainty or requiring further guidance on fiduciary duties, Business Helpline offers free advice and support. Contact our 24-hour helpline for assistance tailored to your specific needs.

About Business Helpline

Business Helpline is dedicated to supporting directors across the UK, offering expert advice on corporate insolvency, including CVLs, MVLs, Administrations, and CVAs.

Our mission is to provide comprehensive support and solutions to help companies navigate financial challenges and ensure their long-term success.

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    Andy Slinger

    Andy is Head of Marketing for Business Helpline with a wealth of experience Marketing in the financial sector. He has a passion for helping business owners struggling with debts.

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